June 12, 2021

Diet for kidney diseases

4 min read

 

 

 

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Diet for kidney diseases

In this article, we are going to discuss the diet for kidney diseases. A suitable diet is necessary for the proper functioning of the kidney.

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A fair diet for kidney diseases

The DASH Diet is rich in vegetables, beans, seeds, fruits, low-fat dairy products, fish, poultry, and nuts. The DASH diet is one of the most proper treatments for high blood pressure or hypertension kidney disease and heart disease. It is low in sugar and sweets salts.

What is the DASH eating plan?

The blood pressure of a person can be reduced with an eating plan that is low in saturated fat cholesterol and that emphasizes vegetable, fruits, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products. This eating plan is called a DASH eating plan. The DASH eating plan used with other lifestyle changes such as getting more exercise can assist a person to prevent and control high blood pressure ( hypertension). It is reduced in red meat, added sugars, sweets, and rich in potassium, calcium, and magnesium as well as protein and fibers.

Researches and studies on the DASH have described that the DASH diet assists decrease blood pressure, reduces kidney stone formation, lowers the risk for heart disease, stroke, and cancer. In the case of dialysis DASH, the diet should not be used.

 

 DASH Studies (for a 2,100 Calorie Eating Plan)

Protein 18% of calories                                Sodium 2,300 mg*

Total fat 27% of calories                              Calcium 1,250 mg

Saturated fat 6% of calories                      Potassium 4,700 mg

Carbohydrate 55% of calories                   Magnesium 500 mg

 

How can we make the DASH?
The DASH eating plan for 2000 calories is as follow;

Food Group                         Daily Servings              Serving Sizes

Fruits                                     4–5                                      1 medium fruit

1/4 cup dried fruit

1/2 cup fresh, frozen, or canned fruit

1/2 cup fruit juice

Fats and oils§                 2–3                                        1 tsp soft margarine

1 tsp vegetable oil

1 Tbsp mayonnaise

2 Tbsp salad dressing

 

Vegetables                       4–5                                      1 cup raw leafy vegetable

1/2 cup vegetable juice

1/2 cup cut-up raw or cooked vegetable

 

Grains*                              6–8                                      1 slice bread

1 oz dry cereal†

1/2 cup cooked rice, pasta, or cereal

 

Nuts, seeds, and               4–5 per week                 1/3 cup or 11/2 oz nuts

legumes                                                                            2 Tbsp peanut butter

2 Tbsp or 1/2 oz seeds

1/2 cup cooked legumes (dry beans and peas)

Lean meats,

poultry and fish                 6 or less                             1 oz cooked meats, poultry, or fish

1 egg

 

Fat-free or low-fat                2–3                                1 cup milk or yogurt

milk and milk products                                                  11/2 oz cheese

 

Sweets and                   5 or less per week            1 Tbsp sugar

added sugars                                                                  1 Tbsp jelly or jam

1/2 cup sorbet, gelatin

1 cup lemonade

 

Kidney friendly diet

Fresh or frozen vegetables are considered the best friendly diet for kidney diseases. It is necessary for a person to rinse the vegetables before cooking so that extra salts may be removed if he uses canned vegetables.  

A person suffering from chronic kidney disease CKD needs a kidney-friendly meal plan. In this article the information for those who have kidney disease but are free from dialysis.

With a kidney-friendly diet, you need how much certain nutrients you have to take in, for example;

  • Carbohydrates
  • Protein
  • Fat
  • Calories

Here a brief description is mentioned of each nutrient regarding a kidney-friendly diet.

  • Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are considered the easiest type of energy for body use. They are the basic source of energy for all animals. About half to 2/3 of the total calories every animal consumes from carbohydrates daily. Carbohydrates contain 4 kilocalories of energy per gram. Vegetables and fruits are known as healthy sources of Carbohydrates, while honey, candies, soft drinks, and sugary drinks are known as unhealthy sources of Carbohydrates.  For a kidney patient vegetables and fruits are more beneficial than an unhealthy source of Carbohydrates.

 

  • Protein

Proteins act as the building blocks of our body. One gram of proteins contains 4 kilocalories of energy. They help to grow body size and take part in healing wounds. Having too few proteins can cause skin, nails, and hair to be weak. On the other hand, having too many proteins also create serious complications. A diet with a very high protein quantity can make the kidneys work harder and may cause more damage. Because of it, ask your doctor how much protein you should have what the excellent sources of protein are for you.

Higher-protein foods:

  • Fish
  • Red meat
  • Eggs
  • Poultry

Lower-protein foods:

  • Pasta and rice
  • Bread
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits

·      Fat

In our body fats provide energy and help us to use some vitamins in our food. But too much fat can lead to heart diseases. We should limit fats in our meal plan and select the healthier fats for the proper functioning of kidneys.

Healthier fats or “good” fats are called unsaturated fats. Examples of unsaturated fats may include;

Corn oil

Olive oil

Peanut oil

unsaturated fats involve in reducing the cholesterol of our body. If a person needs to gain weight, he should have more unsaturated fats, and if he wants to lose weight, he should limit the unsaturated fats in his diet. Too much fats can also cause some serious problems.

 

Saturated fats are called “bad” fats. The reason is that they can increase the cholesterol level of our body. High cholesterol levels can raise risks for heart diseases. Examples of saturated fats are as under;

 

Meats

Lard

Butter

Shortening

 

In order to maintain our kidneys healthy, it is necessary for a person to limit the use of saturated fats in his meal plan. Choose healthier, unsaturated fats instead. Removing the skin from chicken and trimming the fat from meat can help limit saturated fats. We should also avoid trans fats. Such types of fats make our bad (LDL) cholesterol higher and our good (HDL) cholesterol lower. When this happens, we are more likely to get heart diseases which can cause kidney damage.

 

  • Calories

When we eat or drink our body gets energy from calories. In our diet calories come from proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Calories depend on the age, gender, and activity of a person.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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