September 18, 2021

Digestive disorders

5 min read

 

 

Digestive disorders

In this article, we are going to learn and understand digestive disorders. Basically, digestive disorders related to the problems of the digestive system.

There are many types of digestive disorders, only  eight of them are described below:

  • Peptic Ulcer
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease GERD
  • Dumping Syndrome
  • Bloating

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 . Peptic Ulcer

Ulcer (peptic Ulcer) is a sore in the inner wall of the digestive system, particularly in the esophagus, duodenum, or stomach. Ulcer in the esophagus, intestine, and stomach is termed as the esophagus, intestinal, and gastric ulcer respectively.  In any type of ulcer, the acid gradually breaks the inner wall of the respective organs.

Causes: Excess acidic food material, infection, smoking, medicines (aspirin), eating fast food, soft drinks, drinking coffee are some causes of Ulcer.

Symptoms

Following are the symptoms of the Ulcer

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Rush of saliva
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal burning after a meal at midnight
  • Weight loss

Treatment

Treatment of Ulcer includes avoiding,

  1. Smoking
  2. Eating spicy food
  3. Medicines that neutralize the acidic effects of gastric juice.

 

 

2 . Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a digestive disorder in which the patient has frequent watery, loose bowel movements. This disorder also included vomiting, abdominal pain, and nausea. When the water from the colon is not absorbed properly it results in Diarrhea.

Causes

Viral or bacterial infection on the large intestine causes diarrhea. Lake of adequate safe water also causes diarrhea. If sufficient food and water are supplied, the sufferer recovers in a few days. On contrary to this, the malnourished person’s diarrhea can lead to severe dehydration and may become life-threatening.

Treatment

Treatment for diarrhea includes the following preventive measures,

  • Drinking a sufficient quantity of water in order to compensate for the loss of water,
  • If diarrhea is due to bacterial infection, Antibiotics can be used,
  • Taking clean water with necessary salts, eating regular and simple food, and taking a hygienic lifestyle are some of the preventive measures to get rid of diarrhea.
  1. Constipation

It is a type of digestive disorder in which the sufferer faces hard feces that are difficult to excrete.

Causes

The major causes of constipation involve the following reasons,

  1. Inadequate intake of dietary fibers,
  2. Excess dehydration
  3. Tumors in the rectum or anus
  4. Use of medicines that have iron, calcium
  5. Excessive absorption of water through

Treatment

Treatment of constipation is related to a positive change in diet and exercise habits. It is advised that prevention is better than treating for getting rid of any kind of disease. The medicines called laxative (paraffin) are used for treatment. A patient should take the required quantity of water and dietary fibers.

 

  1. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) concerns the long-lasing inflammation in the digestive duct.

During IBD the immune system reaction remains abnormal that is why it is called autoimmune disease.

Types of IBD

There are two major types of IBD

  1. Ulcerative Colitis
  2. Crohn’s disease

In America only there 1.5 million people are affected by Crohn’s and Ulcerative colitis.

Symptoms:

Following are the symptoms of the IBD

  1. Irritation

 

  1. Diarrhea

 

  1. Loss of appetite

 

  1. Fever

 

  1. Abdominal pain

 

  1. Weight loss

 

Treatment

Drugs that block immune response can treat IBD. During severe conditions surgery is necessary.

5 . Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

IT is an abdominal pain that appears at least three times a month for approximately three months.

IBS also includes constipation and diarrhea. It is a far more common disease. IBS doesn’t harm the digestive tract.

Causes

The exact cause of IBS does not discover yet,

Its cause is unclear. In America more than 15 million people have IBS.

Treatment

Eat simple and smaller food, fibers, and probiotics.

Preventive measures

Avoid fast and spicy food items.

 

6 . Gastro-esophagus Reflux Disease ( GERD)

In this type of digestive disorder, a person experiences heartburn or acid reflux for more than a couple of weeks. In America 20% of people have GERD.

 

Causes

The esophagus moves swallowed food down to the stomach. A ring of muscles in the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) connects the stomach and esophagus. When the LES  is weak, stomach acid can leak back up into the esophagus and cause heartburn including acidity.

Treatment

GERD can be treated by changing lifestyle i.e. what or when a person has to eat. A sufferer should simple and smaller food. Antacids or prescription-strength acid blockers can also assist in the treatment of GERD.

 

 

  1. Dumping Syndrome

It is a collection of symptoms e.g. nausea, diarrhea and feeling-light headed or tired after eating a meal. This problem is caused by rapid gastric emptying. Gastric emptying is a condition in which food moves very fast from the stomach to the small intestine (Duodenum), thus the stomach becomes empty in no time after eating a meal.

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Sweating
  • Flushing
  • Rapid heartbeat

 

 

Generally there two types of symptoms of Dumping Syndrome

  1. Early Syndrome occurs within 30 minutes after eating food.
  2. Late Syndrome appears 1 to 3 hours after eating food.

 

Causes

 

Surgery of the stomach or esophagus is the common cause of Dumping Syndrome and Rapid Gastric emptying.

 

 

Treatment

  • Some people with Dumping Syndrome have mild symptoms that improve over time simple changes in their diet or eating habits.
  • Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Changing lifestyle of eating i.e. how and what to eat.

 

Diet

A patient is recommended to eat more protein, fiber, and fats.

  1. Bloating

Abdominal bloating occurs when the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is filled with gas. In this condition abdomen of a person may swell (distended), becomes hard, and painful.

Bloating sometimes accumulated abdominal pain, excessive gas, belching.  Bloating is more common in both adults and in children. It blocks the ability to do work and taking part in social activities.

Symptoms

  • Weight loss
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Blood in stool
  • Fever
  • Heartburn
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

 

Causes

  1. Pancreatic Insufficiency
  2. Ovarian Cancer
  • Intestinal parasite infection
  1. Hormonal flux ( in case of women)
  2. Heartburn
  3. Stress or depression
  • Weight gain
  • Food intolerance

Treatment

Abdominal Bloating can be diminished by adopting simple style changes e.g. losing weight if a person is overweight.

To avoid swallowing too much air: a person should,

  1. Eat slowly
  2. Reduce intake of carbonated drinks
  3. Use free lactose dairy products
  4. Avoid taking chewing gum. Chewing gum causes to swallow too much air which results in bloating
  5. Avoid gas-causing foods, e.g. cabbage family, dried beans.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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